Falls on staIrs
A staircase or stairwell must be well-lighted and it should have sturdy handrails on each side; and the handrails must be of a safe height for the average person. A person using the stairwell should have one hand on the handrail at all times when going up or down the stairs. The steps should have the same rise and depth; they cannot alternate in this height. This is not always the case, and is a major factor which can produce serious inju- ries in a fall down the steps. It is possible that you have experi- enced some times you have started to go down a stairway, only to find that, as one foot went down, it either struck the step below more quickly or later than you anticipated, so that you were momentarily off balance, but were able to catch yourself. If this happened to you, then you were indeed fortunate. Those who are not so fortunate often wind up in the emergency room due to a fall accident. The stairs should be clean, and free of any kind of debris. If you have things to carry up or down steps, making more trips with smaller packages and lighter packages enhances your safety.
Lighting Issues with Slip/trip & falls
Lighting can disguise a defect or hazardous condition. A change in the normal walking environment must be visible to the pedestrian and stand out from background stimuli. Glare issues and too much or too little contrast in the walking environ- ment can reduce the efficiency of the eye. The walking surface should be evenly illuminated and should have a brightness level of at least 20 foot candles - a basic quantitative unit of light measurement. And the contrast (ratio of dark to light) should be no less than 3-1 and no more than 20-1. The measurement of luminosity and contrast requires a simple photographic light meter calibrated to read in foot candles.