Trespassing Children & the California Law:

Trespassing sign on fence, relating to California liability law for trespassing childrenThere is special protection given to trespassing children; according to The Restatement (Second) of Torts, our San Diego child injury lawyer lists the following four conditions that must be met before a possessor (of land) is liable to trespassing children:

1.  Foreseeability of Trespass: The possessor of land should have known that children would likely trespass in a place of danger;

2.  Foreseeability Risk of Injury: The condition must be one that the possessor of land knew or should have known would cause an unreasonable risk of harm to children;

3. Children's Ignorance of Danger: Due to the children's age, they did not discover the dangerous condition or could not appreciate or evaluate the danger involved;

4. Risk vs. Benefit: The utility to the occupier must be slight in comparison to the risk to the children involved.

Note that the owner or possessor of land usually must have
actual or constructive notice of the condition. Usually, the burden to inspect all possible hazards to children is not generally required. The bottom line is that as an owner or possessor of land, there are responsibilities that go out to others, especially to protect children, even if they are trespassing. Thus, if you are a homeowner and you have a pool that has water in it, or has no water in it, make sure that you are doing everything reasonably possible to gate off the pool, or have a protective covering over it when not in use. Simple common sense rules when it comes to making property or land safer is usually all that is needed to make the difference.
Mark Blane
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San Diego Personal Injury Lawyer | California Car Accident Attorney
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